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Emotional problems have become the main cause of disability among young people. Nowadays, anxiety and depressive disorders are the most common emotional problems in children and adolescents. In addition to personal suffering, but also the impact on the family, stigma, discrimination and exclusion are still maintained, despite the efforts to raise awareness of and reducing them. Rejecting those who suffer from an emotional problem often leads to isolation, maintained by the decreasing of self-esteem, confidence, or motivation. In the case of children and adolescents, the family becomes the main source of support and help and it is the link between the patient and the specialist.

From the point of view of the interventions promoted in the current context for ameliorating the emotional (internalization) disorders for children and adolescents, the most efficient therapy is the cognitive-behavioral type. Applying evidence-based therapy leads to improvements both in mental health as a whole and in social or academic functioning. However, the interest in establishing effective clinical interventions for the emotional disorders of young people and adults most often shadow conceptual issues, particularly the study of the psychological mechanisms involved in change.

Current research attempts to introduce transdiagnostic approaches to investigate the shared aspects of various emotional disorders, such as anxiety and depression, guided mainly by the high comorbidity between these. Through this approach, establishing valid interventions to improve emotional problems is doubled by the investigation of the common psychological mechanisms involved in the clinical framework. In addition, comorbidity has a negative influence on the effects of the current treatments, which are stated to ameliorate distinct symptoms of each individual disorder. Thus, treating a patient with multiple conditions becomes a complex process of combining various interventions with significant financial and time costs.
The using of transdiagnostic approaches in developing intervention plans for emotional disorders in childhood and adolescence is a real advantage in terms of the effectiveness of a single intervention that can reduce the symptoms of both anxious and affective disorders by targeting the common mechanisms involved in the development of the problems.

However, regardless of the techniques used for the intervention, a harmonious relationship between the therapist and the patient is always a solid basis for change. Support and active listening without putting pressure on the client, assessing needs, but also concerns or worries are absolutely necessary aspects to be developed in the therapy of emotional disorders, both in children and adolescents. Also, the cultivation of social support can not be missed in a period of development and in a clinical context where trust in others is an essential factor for the success of a good collaboration.

Finally, engaging in programs which promote strategies for maintaining a healthy emotional life and harmonious interpersonal (and familial) relationships is a solid basis for preventing the onset and worsening of the symptoms of emotional disorders in children and adolescents.